Lesson 5: Articles

In English, the indefinite articles (a, an, some) AND the definite article (the) precede the noun to which they refer. However, in Romanian, the indefinite articles come BEFORE the noun and definite articles come AFTER the noun, as a suffix.
That is, unless the planets are aligned or all road construction is finished, but we all know how rare those are.

Indefinite Articles

un

"a, an" for masculine and neuter singular nouns

o

"a, an" for feminine singular nouns

niște

some


Este un om acolo. There is a man over there.
Ai un prieten în România? Do you have a friend in Romania?
Cumpăr o carte bună. I am buying a good book.
Cunosc o fată în Franța. I know a girl in France.
Niște copii sunt în fața școlii. Some kids are in front of the school.

Definite Articles

If the word ends in a consonant, add -ul:

om

man

omul

the man

oameni

men

oamenii

the men

If ending in , substitute -a:

fată

girl

fata

the girl

fete

girls

fetele

the girls

If ending in -ea, add -ua:

cafea

coffee

cafeaua

the coffee

cafele

cups of coffee

cafelele

the cups of coffee

If ending in -ie, substitute -ia

călătorie

voyage

călătoria

the voyage

călătorii

voyages

călătoriile

the voyages

If ending in -u, add -l:

metrou

metro

metroul

the metro

metrouri

metros

metrourile

the metros

If a MASCULINE word ends in -e, add -le:

cîine

dog

cîinele

the dog

cîini

dogs

cîinii

the dogs

If a FEMININE word ends in -e, add -a:

minge

ball

mingea

the ball

mingi

balls

mingile

the balls


Examples:

Brânza e foarte veche. The cheese is very old.
Dă-i mingea! Give him the ball!
Steaua albastră e frumoasă. The blue star is beautiful.

NOTES:

There are some instances where the definite article would not be used in English but MUST be used in Romanian.

1. When speaking about something in a general sense:
Mâncarea românească este foarte delicioasă. Romanian food is very delicious. (Speaking about Romanian food in general)
Nu-mi place berea. I don't like beer. (Speaking of beer in general)

2. When showing possession:
Prietenul meu vine mîine dimineață. My friend is coming tomorrow morning.
Dani are ceasul tău. Danny has your watch.



Words in this Lesson

om man
prieten friend
fată girl
copii children, kids
în față in front
brânză cheese
foarte very
veche old (for objects)
stea star
albastră blue (f)
frumoasă beautiful (f)
mâncare food
bere beer
mîine tomorrow
dimineață morning
ceas watch


Lesson 4: Plurals Main Page Lesson 6: Subjunctive