Lesson 4: Plurals


In this lesson, you will learn the general rules of pluralization. Since these lessons are geared towards a grammatical structure, there is no basic nouns vocabulary section. Well, not yet anyways. However, word translations will be provided in the hopes that you will learn these words in the best way possible - by seeing them in action.
Before we start into the plurals, let me first introduce the basic categories of Romanian words. They are as follows:

Masculine singular

Feminine singular

Neuter singular

Masculine plural

Feminine plural

Neuter plural

You will see nouns and adjectives grouped into these categories. As you see more and more words, you will pick up on certain patterns.
(Example pattern that you probably wouldn't know yet: Neuter nouns are like the masculine in the singular, but like feminine in the plural.)

That said, let's move into plurals.

Masculine

The plural for a masculine noun is made mostly by adding -i to the end of the word.

român

Romanian

români

Romanians

locuitor

inhabitant

locuitori

inhabitants

In some cases this will cause the final consonant to change.

copil

child

copii

children

acrobat

acrobat

acrobați

acrobats

And words that end in a vowel have that vowel replaced by -i.

litru

liter

litri

liters

fiu

son

fii

sons

Feminine

Feminine nouns are a little more diverse in their forms.

Those ending in form the plural by substituting an -e or an -i.

oră

hour

ore

hours

gară

station

gări

stations

Those ending in -e, replace it with an -i:

carte

book

cărți

books

Those ending in -ură, replace it with -uri :

prăjitură

pastry

prăjituri

pastries

Those ending in -ie, replace it with -ii :

stație

bus/underground stop

stații

bus/underground stops

Those ending in -ea, replace it with -ele :

cafea

coffee

cafele

cups of coffee

Neuter

Neuter nouns have two forms in the plural.

Those ending in -ou , form the plural by adding -uri :

birou

desk

birouri

desks

Those ending in -iu , replace with -ii :

fotoliu

armchair

fotolii

armchairs






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