Lesson 3: Basic Verbs

Two of the most basic verbs in Romanian are a fi (to be) and a avea (to have).
Below is the present tense conjugation of these verbs.

a fi

sunt

I am

suntem

we are

ești

you are

sunteți

you are (pl.)

este

he, she, it is

sunt

they are


a avea

am

I have

avem

we have

ai

you have

aveți

you have (pl.)

are

he, she, it has

au

they have


Example sentences:

Unde sunt? Where am I?
Nu aveți o carte? You all don't have a book?
Raul și eu suntem acasă. Raul and I are at home.
Unde este o carte? OR
Unde e o carte? Where is a book?

NOTES:

1. As you may have noticed, the conjugation este can be shortened to e, and is done so in spoken Romanian.
2. The negation of a verb is done by preceding it with nu. This can be abbreviated as n- before a word starting with a vowel.
i.e. N-aveți o carte? You all don't have a book?

Other useful verbs:

a vorbi

vorbesc

I speak, I am speaking, I do speak

vorbim

we speak

vorbești

you speak

vorbiți

you speak

vorbește

he, she, it speaks

vorbesc

they speak


a merge

merg

I go, I am going, I do go

mergem

we go

mergi

you go

mergeți

you go

merge

he, she, it goes

merg

they go


a ști

știu

I know

știm

we know

știi

you know

știți

you know

știe

he, she, it knows

știu

they know


NOTES:
1. As you can see, the present tense is slightly different in Romanian. The conjugation vorbesc can mean "I speak", "I am speaking", or "I do speak". It is this way for all Romanian verbs, so as other verbs are listed later on, it is understood that the 'am' and 'do' forms are also present, though only the first type will be listed. Sorry if that paragraph was confusing. Basically, the present tenses translate to English in the same way that French or Spanish does.

 

 



Words in this Lesson

unde where
o carte a book
acasă at home





Lesson 2: Subject Pronouns Main Page Lesson 4: Plurals